About Norway

Norway is a long stretched country in terms of geography. If you draw a line from the southernmost tip of the Norwegian mainland up to the North Cape, and then flip the line to the south you will almost end up in North Africa.

Norway shares a long eastern border with Sweden. The country is bordered by Finland and Russia to the north-east, and the Skagerak strait  to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway has an extensive coastline, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea.

This long coast line makes southern and Western Norway fully exposed to the Atlantic, and here the climate is wet and mild compared to the east and the north, where winters are colder and longer.

However, there are periods with warm weather in the summer, and due to the Gulf Stream the coastal areas are rather mild in the winter time. Nevertheless, you should bring warm clothing when visiting Norway in the winter.

 The nature is diverse, with forest covered hills in the south-east and spectacular fjords and glaciers in the west and in the north. The major cities in Norway are located along the coastline, with the capital Oslo as Norway's largest city with about 620 000 inhabitants. 

 Norway has held democratic elections since acquiring independence from Sweden in 1905.

Industry and technology
Norway is one of the world's biggest exporter of oil and gas, and Norwegian companies are in the forefront when it comes to developing new technologies in deep sea drilling.

Other main areas of export include fish, paper products and various products related to the metals industry. Tourism is also among the most important industries in Norway.

Norwegian private and state owned companies are becoming more focused on research and development. The research is targeted at several areas, including natural resources and new technology like telecommunications.

Cultural life
Norwegians enjoy a vibrant cultural life, and many Norwegians spend parts of their leisure time being involved in everything from organised sports activities to folk dancing.

The music scene in Norway is full of exciting artists, who also have built a reputation abroad. From pop acts like Röyksopp and Kygo to classical performers like Leif Ove Andsnes, Norwegian music is winning new audiences everywhere, and the Norwegian black metal scene is considered to be among the leading in the world.


Official name

The Kingdom of Norway

System of government

Constitutional monarchy

Geographic location

Located in Northern Europe with borders to Sweden, Finland and Russia.


The Kingdom of Norway: 385 155 km2
 Mainland: 323 758 km2 (7.6 per cent protected)
 Svalbard and Jan Mayen: 61 397 km2 (57.1 per cent protected)

Length of coastline

25 148 km, including fjords

Largest lake

Mjøsa, 362 sq. km

Highest mountain

Galdhøpiggen, 2 469 m


5 223 300 inhabitants (as of April 2016)

Capital city


Monetary unit

Norwegian kroner, NOK


Norwegian ("Bokmål" and "Nynorsk") and the "Sámi" language of the indigenous Sámi people in some areas (mainly in the North of Norway).
 Norwegian ("Bokmål" and "Nynorsk") and the "Sámi" language of the indigenous Sámi people in some areas (mainly in the North of Norway).

Source: Statistics Norway 


Minifacts About Norway is a publication available online that gives an overview about many aspects of Norway. It is compiled by the Statistics Norway's Information Centre on behalf of the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The publication is available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Japanese, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish. Click here to read the publication Minifacts about Norway.