In recent years, Norway has repeatedly been ranked as ‘the best country to live in’ by the United Nations Human Development Report. This annual ranking is based largely on average levels of education and income, combined with life expectancy, but also factors such as human rights and cultural freedom. Norway is also rated high for its literacy rate, educational levels and material wealth. In addition, Norway has one of the best welfare systems in the world, making sure that people who are unemployed or unable to work are given support so that they can lead dignified lives. Norway also has one of the lowest crime rates in the world.
Geography and Population
Norway is a long country located in Northern Europe – with borders to Sweden, Finland and Russia on the east side, and an extensive coastline facing the North Atlantic Ocean on the west side. Here the climate is wet and mild compared to the east and the north, where winters are colder and longer.
The major cities in Norway are located along the coastline: the capital Oslo is Norway's largest city, with about 620.000 inhabitants. Other major cities are Bergen and Stavanger in Western Norway, Trondheim in the middle part and Tromsø in the North.
There are 5.2 million people living in Norway. About 32 per cent of the population have higher education. Like Sweden and Denmark, Norway has grown to become a multicultural country. Today, 33 per cent of the population in Oslo are immigrants or Norwegian-born to immigrant parents. In the country as a whole, a bit over 16 per cent are immigrants or Norwegian-born to immigrant parents.